Mohammed Image Archive
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Many popular American and European books about Islam have included lithographs and line drawings depicting Mohammed. Several examples are presented below. The second half of this page features illustrations from late 20th-century comic-book biographies of Mohammed.
Frontispiece from The Life of Mahomet, by A. du Ryer (published by J. & B. Sprint, 1719).
Portrait of Mohammed from Michel Baudier's Histoire générale de la religion des turcs (Paris, 1625). It was sold at auction by Sotheby's in 2002. The same image was incorporated into the cover of issue #2195 of the French magazine Le Nouvel Observateur.
(Hat tip: Kilgore Trout, and Raafat.)
This illustration is taken from La vie de Mahomet, by M. Prideaux, published in 1699. It shows Mohammed holding a sword and a crescent while trampling on a globe, a cross, and the Ten Commandments.
(Hat tip: Andy B.)
This color drawing of Mohammed in anachronistic 17th- or 18th-century garb comes from the 1719 German edition of the book Description de l'Univers, by Alain Manesson Mallet, which was first published in Paris in 1683 and later
reprinted several times until 1719. The caption at the top says "Der falshe Profhet Mahomet": The False Prophet Mohammed.
(Hat tip: F. P.)
This almost identical depiction of Mohammed comes from an earlier edition of Description de l'Univers; the color scheme and a few small details are slightly different in this version.
Satirical 1839 book illustration by the artist Martin Disteli showing a preacher introducing the four great men of history: Moses, Jesus, Mohammed, and Napoleon, published in the Swiss book Kurze und fassliche Beschreibung der Lebensgeschichte meines Herrn Vetters, by Peter Felber (1839).
(Hat tip: Martin H.)
Portrait of Mohammed ("Mahomatus") which appeared in the book Pahsebeia, or A View of all Religions in the World, written by Alexander Ross and published in 1683. As noted in the Wikimedia Commons page where it was found, Mohammed's costume is anachronistic.
Frontispiece from the book The History of the Saracens: Lives of Mohammed and His Successors, by Simon Ockley (published in London in 1848). The caption below the drawing simply says "Mohammed."
(Hat tip: Mrs $hakespeare.)
Death of Mahomet; photograph of a page in the book The History of the Arabs, Including the Life of Mohammed, by William Mavor (published in New York in 1804).
(Hat tip: little old lady.)
This illustration, taken from the German book Mahomets und Türcken Grewel published in Frankfurt in 1664, depicts Mohammed in the bottom panel being tormented by demons. The book is "An account of the wars between Austria and Turkey in the 1660's, prefaced by an account of Islam." It was sold at auction by Sotheby's in 2002.
(Hat tip: Kilgore Trout.)
The Flight of Muhammad to Medina, color lithograph by A.C. Michael, used as an illustration in the 1920 British book The Outline of History, Volume II by G.H. Wells. Original in a private collection.
Contemporary rendition of what Mohammed may have looked like. Posted on this Spanish blog, but probably originally published as a book illustration.
The About.com guide to agnosticism and atheism features a series of public-domain line drawings of Mohammed, eight of which are reproductions of Victorian-era book illustrations. They are presented below.
(Hat tip: Martin.)
Mohammed preaching to early converts.
Mohammed riding a camel, mostly likely during his flight to Medina in 622 A.D., an event known as the Hijra or Hegira.
Mohammed arriving at the walls of Medina.
This drawing is titled "Muhammad Riding into Medina," but it's more likely that it depicts his triumphant return into Mecca.
This drawing has the caption "Muhammad Leads Muslims in a Massacre," but it's unclear how definitive that attribution is. If the artist did indeed intend to draw Mohammed, then the scene was entirely an imaginary one, as the costumes and other details are historically inaccurate. Alternately, it's possible that the picture was misidentified, and shows a massacre of Christians by some later Muslim ruler.
This intriguing Christian rendition of a faceless Mohammed riding Buraq into Paradise has Victorian-style angels surrounding him, in place of the traditional Biblical/Islamic angels. The artist obviously was referring to medieval Islamic depictions of Mohammed, but mistook the sacred flames surrounding his head (such as can be seen here, for example) as some kind of hat.
Mohammed preaching Islam to his followers.
A charcoal and pastel sketch of Mohammed from 1971, apparently used as a book illustration, and reproduced on this page.
(Hat tip: Raafat.)
Portrait of Mohammed, from a 1932 Spanish edition of the Koran. Source: Faces of Mohammed.
Another portrait of Mohammed from a different Spanish edition of the Koran, this one published in 1979.
A portrait of Mohammed, which is very similar to the image below.
This portrait of Mohammed, taken from a Cuban Web site, appears to be a different version of the previous image.
In 1831, an author with the surprising name of George Bush published a book called The life of Mohammed; founder of the religion of Islam, and of the empire of the Saracens. The original edition had no illustrations, but a 1900 reprint contained the fronticepiece seen on the left. The book later entered the public domain, and was reprinted in 2002 by various small publishers with generic Mohammed portraits, such as the two pictures seen on the right. In 2004, the Arab media circulated a rumor that the 1831 George Bush was the "grandfather" of the American president George Bush, but that proved to be false. The U.S. government actually issued a statement about the case, which can be read here: they prove the rumor is false, but do say, "Two independent genealogies show [book author] Reverend Bush was the cousin of Obadiah Bush, who was the great-great-great grandfather of the current president. This makes the Reverend Bush a distant relative of the current president, five generations removed, but NOT his direct ancestor." You can download a pdf of the book at this site, and also download various other formats of it from the Internet Archive.
(Hat tip: Martin H.)
Portrait of Mohammed from the frontispiece of Washington Irving's Mahomet and His Successors (Putnam and Son, 1869).
The book Der Harem des Propheten by Johann George Mausinger features this image among many others, mostly showing Mohammed in belittling or humiliating situations (here he is seen sitting on a monk's lap). The drawings are by Polish artist Maius Haban. If you have a copy of this book or know of a site featuring other examples of its illustrations, please send us the images.
(Hat tip: Martin.)
The following five images are of line drawings depicting Mohammed from various 19th-century books about Islam:
(Hat tip for this image and the image below: Faithfreedom.org.)
Click here to return to the main Mohammed Image Archive page
Other Archive Sections:
Islamic Depictions of Mohammed in Full
Islamic Depictions of Mohammed with Face Hidden
European Medieval and Renaissance Images
Miscellaneous Mohammed Images
Satirical Modern Cartoons
The Jyllands-Posten Cartoons
Recent Responses to the Controversy
Email Responses from Readers